What is theory and why is it important?
Social psychologists study the circumstances in which people offer help to others. The Bystander Effect Research shows that people are less likely to offer help to someone in distress if other people are also present.
This is called the bystander effect. The probability that a person will receive help decreases as the number of people present increases.
Diffusion of responsibility contributes to the bystander effect. A person does not feel as responsible for helping someone if several others are also present, since responsibility is distributed among all those present.
Influences on Helping Researchers have proposed that bystanders who witness an emergency will help only if three conditions are met: They notice the incident.
They interpret the incident as being an emergency situation. They assume responsibility for helping. Researchers suggest that people are most likely to help others in certain circumstances: They have just seen others offering help. They are not in a hurry. They share some similarities with the person needing help.
They are in a small town or a rural setting. They are not preoccupied or focused on themselves. The person needing help appears deserving of help. Reasons for Helping Others Some social psychologists use the social exchange theory to explain why people help others.
They argue that people help each other because they want to gain as much as possible while losing as little as possible. The social responsibility norm also explains helping behavior.
The social responsibility norm is a societal rule that tells people they should help others who need help even if doing so is costly.Theories about helping others. Explanations > Theories > Theories about helping others. Here are academic theories about how we seek to help other people.
Contact Hypothesis: bringing enemies together increases understanding.
Equity Theory: we are happiest when give and take are equal. Empathy-Altruism Hypothesis: if we feel empathy we are likely to help. PowerPoint Slides To Support and Enhance Your Lectures in Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy.
Adlerian Theory; Behavioral Approaches; Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. Helping Behavior. Social psychologists study the circumstances in which people offer help to others. The Bystander Effect. Research shows that people are less likely to offer help to someone in distress if other people are also present.
This is called the bystander effect. The probability that a person will receive help decreases as the number of people present increases. Theories of Helping The main reason for an annotated bibliography gives the reader a brief overview of an article or journal without reading the whole thing.
The purpose of analysis of the annotation should give the reader a short analysis of the source. The big list of academic theories, postulates, hypotheses, etc.
on which persuasion techniques are based. Theories of Helping Theories of helping All the principles of this book are based on evidence derived from empirical research, theoretical conceptions, and clinical .