The legislative framework for safeguarding vulnerable adults

The term safeguarding practise is most commonly applied to children and young people under the age of 18 and is further differentiated in some texts were children refers to those under the age of 18 who are still in full time education, and young people as those under the age of 18 who have left full time education. A vulnerable adult is defined as an individual aged 18 or over who depends on others for assistance with respect to the basic functions or who has a severe impairment in the ability to communicate and therefore a reduced ability to protect themselves from assault, abuse, or neglect. The definition seems to identify groups of people such as the elderly as being vulnerable we may find this as unacceptable.

The legislative framework for safeguarding vulnerable adults

Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Understand the legislation, regulations and policies that underpin the protection of vulnerable adults 1.

This ensures the safety of a person. Safeguarding is about how to keep a person safe from the above and look at how it can prevent vulnerable adults or children suffering abuse by ensuring that service providers report these incidents. The protection of adults plays an important part in the safeguarding and promotion of their health and well-being.

Protection of vulnerable adults is critical and crucial as part of the wider work to safeguarding. An emphasis of safeguarding came from the Joint Chief Inspectors Report on Arrangements to Safeguard Children and states that any agencies working with children have a duty to minimise the risks of harm to their welfare and take any action if there were any cause of concern.

An emphasis was also made on about partnership working and this came in the formation of Local Safeguarding Boards LSBs. There have been a similar emphasis on the protection of vulnerable adults as prior to local authorities did not have a legal duty to investigate any reports of abuse against an adult over the age of 18 who was deemed vulnerable in Wales.

In the Welsh Government set out the In Safe Hands document that tells Local Authorities Social Services departments their duties in the protection of vulnerable adults.

The legislative framework for safeguarding vulnerable adults

These duties are very similar to the safeguarding of children where they should take a partnership approach in the prevention and reporting of abuse and meet the training needs The legislative framework for safeguarding vulnerable adults staff who working with this client group.

Also because the adults are not in their own environment they are vulnerable because they may not feel comfortable due to being in unfamiliar surroundings to what they are used too.

Within my own setting we have to ensure that we have the relevant and comprehensive policy in place and that it is followed by all staff in terms of safeguarding and protecting vulnerable adults. The policy must also be comprehensive enough that it covers staff who may be at risk from false claims being made against them.

Also there has to be a policy in place where staff can feel confident that they can report any issue anonymously to their line manager. Each of these policies must also give a comprehensive reporting procedure as well.

The impact of the policy developments make it that it is the responsibility of statutory bodies, service providers and employees to protect vulnerable adults from abuse.

Another impact the policy developments have is that all staff have to be trained in safeguarding and protecting vulnerable adults and complete this as part of their induction training as set out by the CSSIW. Within Cardiff, staff undertake the POVA Level 2 training that explores this is so that they are able to be vigilant in spotting the signs of abuse and know what happens when it is reported to the local POVA team.

One of the biggest impacts policy development has in regards to the safeguarding and protection of vulnerable adults is that staff have to be vigilant about the way they act with residents.

Staff also have to be vigilant about following the correct procedures when it comes to moving and handling and how they care for a resident as if the policies and procedures are not followed then their actions can be reported as abuse. So these policy developments make staff constantly think about their own judgements and actions constantly.

Another impact that policy development has is it the POVA policy and any other policies that assist in safeguarding vulnerable adults is reviewed on a regular basis. In my setting these policies are usually reviewed on a 6 monthly or yearly basis.

This is so that any developments nationally are implemented into the reviewed policy. Prior to there was no such piece of legislation that gave responsibility for statutory services, such as Local Authority Social Services to investigate forms of abuse, but there were pieces of legislation that supported the protection of vulnerable adults to come forward.

The Human Rights Act explains the rights and freedom of individuals and the Disability Act sets out the protection for adults with disabilities.

All these pieces of legislation played a part in the protection of vulnerable adults. Guidance on developing and implementing multi-agency policies and procedures to protect vulnerable adults from abuse. At the same time the Care Standards Act was implemented and set out the standards that all Social Care Services have to follow.

It made the protection of vulnerable adults a priority and in Section 7 it stated that the provision of protecting vulnerable adults should be made.

Its intention was to not allow any individual work with vulnerable adults in the care sector if they have neglected, harmed or abused a vulnerable person. The Mental Capacity Act was introduced to provide a statutory framework to empower and protect vulnerable people who are not able to make their own decisions.

Within the Act there are 5 principles and these are: Another part of this act that is about the protection of vulnerable adults is the Deprivation of Liberties Safeguard DoLs. The safeguards should ensure that a care home, hospital or supported living arrangement only deprives someone of their liberty in a safe and correct way, and that this is only done when it is in the best interests of the person and there is no other way to look after them.

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So this application for DoLs is necessary for all EMI residential care homes as residents lack capacity to leave the home and are lacking the understanding of identifying risks if left unattended.

Another major piece of legislative framework in regards to the protection of vulnerable adults was the introduction of the Criminal Record Bureau Checks now called the Disclosure and Barring Service.

POVA teams needed a list of health and social care employees who have had a history of abusing vulnerable adults. These checks were implemented so that health and social care service providers were able to see if a potential employee was suitable for employment within their establishments.

If employers are unable to wait for the CRB to come back then they can also use the ISA Adult First Check previously known as the POVA list that gives them access to a list that tells them if a potential employee is unsuitable to work with vulnerable adults.

The registered person needs to make the complaints procedure available to everyone and promote it in the service user brochure, the homes statement of purpose and is promoted throughout staff meetings, notice boards and resident meetings.

It also sets out that the registered person has to respond to a complaint within 28 day NMS Registered managers also have to keep a written record of all complaints and copies of investigations NMS The Office of the Public Guardian's policy on protecting adults at risk of abuse or neglect.

"vulnerable adults" names the high prevalence of abuse experienced by the group, there is a recognition that this definition is contentious.

Safeguarding and Protection of Vulnerable Adults Essay Sample

One reason is that the label can be misunderstood, because it seems to locate the cause of abuse with the victim, rather than National Framework - ‘Safeguarding Adults’. Explain the legislative framework for safeguarding vulnerable adults. O The care system is governed by legislation.

However with respect to protecting vulnerable adults in care, the legal framework provides only guidelines with respect to rights and service provision but does not specifically mention protection.

Safeguarding and Protection of Vulnerable Adults Essay Sample. 1. Understand the legislation, regulations and policies that underpin the protection of vulnerable adults Analyse the difference between the concept of safeguarding and the concept of protection in relation to vulnerable adults.

Before understanding the legislative framework for safeguarding vulnerable adults one needs to understand the what safeguarding is and what its purpose is.

The course SafeGuarding of Vulnerable Adults provides an in-depth definition of . Explain the legislative framework for safeguarding vulnerable adults. Evaluate how serious case reviews or inquiries have influenced quality assurance, regulation and inspection relating to the safeguarding of vulnerable adults.

Explain the protocols and referral procedures when harm or abuse is alleged or suspected. 2 Be able to lead service provision that protects vulnerable.

The Care Act: Safeguarding adults