Read now Allergies To get rid of a tickle in the throat that is due to an allergy, a person must identify what is causing the allergy and then avoid it.
People with asthma may experience more wheezing and breathlessness at times when hay fever symptoms are common.
Treatment A range of over-the-counter OTC treatments can help manage hay fever. Sometimes, a combination of two or three is best.
A physician can advise about options. Antihistamine sprays or tablets: Commonly available OTC, these stop the release of the chemical histamine.
They usually effectively relieve symptoms of a runny nose, itching, and sneezing, but they will not unblock congested sinuses. Older antihistamines can cause drowsiness.
These reduce itching and swelling in the eyes. They are usually used alongside other medications.
Eye drops often contain cromoglycate. These sprays treat the inflammation caused by hay fever. They offer a safe and effective long-term treatment.
It may take a week for benefits to show. Examples include fluticasone Flonasefluticasone Veramystmometasone Nasonex and beclomethasone Beconase.
There may be an unpleasant smell or taste, or nose irritation. Severe hay fever symptoms may respond well to prednisone tablets, prescribed by a doctor. These are for short-term use only. Long-term use is linked to cataractsmuscle weakness, and osteoporosis. Immunotherapy can provide long-term relief by gradually desensitizing the immune system to the allergens that trigger the symptoms.
It is usually received in the form of allergy shots or sublingual drops for people whose symptoms are serious and have not cleared up following other treatments.
Immunotherapy may lead to lasting remission of allergy symptoms, and it may help prevent the development of asthma and new allergies.
Injections are given by a doctor, but sublingual immunotherapy, or medication that is dissolved under the tongue, can be taken at home. Alternative therapies Alternative therapies that claim to treat hay fever include acupuncturebut study results have not confirmed significant improvements.
No herbal remedies are recommended.
During pregnancy, it is important to speak to a doctor before taking any medication, to prevent potential adverse effects on fetal development. Diagnosis A pinprick test can identify what is causing the allergic reaction. To specify the correct treatment, a doctor will look at the symptoms and ask about personal and family medical history.
A blood or skin test can identify which substance the patient is allergic to. In a skin test, the skin is pricked with a minute amount of a known allergen. A blood test will show the level of IgE antibodies.
This will be high if an allergy is present. The test takes about 20 minutes. Zero IgE antibodies indicate no sensitivity, while 6 indicates very high sensitivity.
Another skin-prick test involves injecting an allergen under the skin and checking for a reaction around 20 minutes later. What is hay fever? Hay fever is an allergic reaction to airborne substances, such as pollen. An allergy happens when the immune system mistakes a harmless substance for a harmful one, and the body releases chemicals to fight it.
This reaction is what causes the symptoms. Allergens are often common substances that the immune system in most people either does not react to, or reacts only mildly. However, some people require treatment, because their symptoms make it difficult to complete their daily tasks.
Treatment may not eliminate symptoms, but it can reduce their impact. Home treatment An individual cannot prevent the development of an allergy, but people who experience hay fever may find some strategies useful for minimizing the impact.
Here are some tips: Be aware of the pollen count during susceptible months.Histamine also causes constriction of smooth muscle. If you have asthma, histamine is partially to blame. When irritants are inhaled into the lungs, histamine is . Disclaimer: This essay has been submitted by a student.
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HealthCentral combines medically vetted health information with personal stories about life with chronic health conditions to give you the tools and inspiration to make positive changes, no matter you. In moderate doses caffeine has mainly positive effects for most people.
But it increases production of cortisol, which can lead to health problems including anxiety, weight gain and heart disease.