Both are excellent examples of how important morale is in winning a war.
Despite repeated intelligence warnings, which included the precise day and hour of Germany's incipient assault, Stalin remained convinced that Hitler would not risk an eastern war as long as the British Empire remained undefeated.
It has been argued that Stalin in fact planned a pre-emptive attack on Germany for the early summer ofand was then thrown off-balance by the German invasion. Stalin did not want to risk war, though he hoped to profit from the German-British struggle if he could. In the event, the shock of attack almost unhinged the Soviet state, and by the autumn German forces had destroyed most of the Red Army and the Russian air force, surrounded and besieged Leningrad - where over one million people died of starvation and cold - and were approaching the outskirts of Moscow.
The Red Army had sufficient reserves to stop the German army from completing the rout in Decemberbut the following summer German offensives launched far to the south of Moscow, to seize the rich oilfields of the Caucasus and to cut the Volga shipping route, created further chaos.
Hitler hoped that German forces would capture the oil and sweep on through the Middle East to meet up with Axis forces in Egypt. The Volga was to be blocked at Stalingrad, after which German forces could wheel northwards to outflank Moscow and the Soviet line.
The southern attack failed at Stalingrad. After weeks of chaotic retreats and easy German victories, the Red Army solidified its defence and against all the odds clung on to the battered city. Some historians have seen this as the turning point of the war.
But not until the Red Army had decisively defeated German forces in the more favourable summer weather of did the tide really turn. The Battle of Kursk in July was one of the greatest set-piece battles in military history.
The Red Army withstood a massive German assault, and then counter-attacked.
For two years Soviet forces pushed the German army back into Germany,The Battle of Verdun and the Battle of Stalingrad may well be the most gruesome battles in recent history.
Both are excellent examples of how important morale is in winning a war. What do the X's mean? The X's just indicate the ones I either have not watched or I have watched but have no review or a puny review. It's just a way to keep me from buying two copies of the same movie.
The Battle of Stalingrad (23 August – 2 February ) was the largest confrontation of World War II, in which Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia.
This list is missing two very important failures, Chiang Kai Shek, and Josef Stalin.
First of all, Shek, as commander-in-chief of Nationalist China, lost more territory in a . May 11, · Video showing one full turn of Stalingrad: Verdun on the Volga, a game published by Last Stand Games in Note: In the combat situation at , the Sov.
Free Essay: The Battle of Verdun and the Battle of Stalingrad may well be the most gruesome battles in recent history. Both are excellent examples of how.