I thought I would post some of my own thoughts and experiences to add to this discussion. I believe the only-child experience, that is growing up with no siblings with whom to interact is a different one. Whilst it is not unique it is still different to one where a child has the opportunity to grow up with siblings.
Purpose The purpose of this White Paper is to provide a summary of key research findings on siblings of individuals with disabilities and an initial set of guidelines and recommendations to guide new research in this area. The research work group drew up principles that should guide research on siblings, identified gaps in the research, and proposed recommendations and action steps for moving a research agenda on siblings forward.
Principles Guiding Research Siblings with and without disabilities should be involved in all phases of research from conceptualization to dissemination. It is important to get the perspectives of siblings both with and without disabilities.
They are also the persons who can best identify strategies for getting the word out to families and policymakers. Research should be inclusive, representative of diversity, and culturally competent. Most of the research focuses on convenience samples lacking minority families, as it is often difficult to find siblings.
We need to find ways to reach these siblings. There is a place for both description and intervention research, using the range of state of the art research methods.
To date most of the research has been descriptive with very few intervention studies. Both types of research are needed to help identify the issues and to test models of providing support to siblings.
Research on perspectives and outcomes for siblings with and without disabilities is of interest. Siblings with and without disabilities may have a very different perspective on family relationships and supports needed. They may also have very different perspectives than parents, who are most often the family members targeted in research studies on families of people with developmental disabilities.
Research should address lifespan issues and critical contexts for their families. Siblings play varying roles and face varying issues at different life phases and at transition points.
As parents age the roles and responsibilities of siblings in supporting their siblings with a disability likely increase. Summary of Sibling Research to Date Siblings provide the most long-lasting relationships for adults with developmental disabilities.
Over 30 years of research on siblings has provided key information about the effects of being a brother or sister of an individual with a disability.
Generally siblings across the lifespan often regard their experiences as a sibling positively. Siblings report affection and positive regard for their brothers and sisters with disabilities, attribute high levels of empathy and altruism as deriving from their relationship with sibling, and on the whole, appear to be as well adjusted and successful as individual who have typically developing brothers and sisters.
While sibling relationships may be more asymmetrical due to the abilities of the brother or sister with disability in childhood and later on, the resulting differences are somewhat predictable and seldom regarded by typical siblings as negative.
The quality of the sibling relationship and level of involvement of the typical sibling is related to childhood experiences and as well as to gender of each member of the sibling pair, the relative ages of the siblings, and continued geographic proximity. Relatively little is known about family, cultural, and psychological factors contributing to individual differences in sibling relationships and sibling outcomes.
Understanding what allows siblings to cope and do well and what constrains sibling relationships and sibling well-being requires research. Almost all findings about sibling relationships are based on reports of the typical sibling or the parent.
The views of the sibling with disabilities are notably absent.One of the most painful familial situations is to be the brother or sister of a narcissistic sibling.
From the beginning they “have it in” for you as the old saying goes. This paper examines the phenomenon of birth order as it particularly relates to only children.
Only children are unique in birth order in that they are the first- and last-born children in their families. Sep 16, · Science Looks At The Sibling Effect Are you a first-born? A middle child? That's also one of the reasons siblings, sibling research used to turn scientists off because the variables are so.
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J. Philippe Rushton is a professor of psychology at the University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.
Rushton holds two doctorates from the University of London (Ph.D. and ashio-midori.com) and is a Fellow of the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the American, British, and Canadian Psychological Associations.
Investment decisions: Firstborns can have another big money-management blind spot, according to a research paper focusing on the financial proclivities of oldest siblings. “Consistent with.