The ancestors of Napoleon descended from minor Italian nobility of Tuscan origin who had come to Corsica from Liguria in the 16th century. Napoleon was born there on 15 Augusttheir fourth child and third son.
Strategic situation of Europe Strategic situation of Europe Strategic situation of Europe Strategic situation of Europe Strategic situation of Europe Strategic situation of Europe Strategic situation of Europe Strategic situation of Europe Strategic situation of Europe Strategic situation of Europe Strategic situation of Europe The Napoleonic era is a period in the history of France and Europe.
It is generally classified as including the fourth and final stage of the French Revolutionthe first being the National Assemblythe second being the Legislative Assemblyand the third being the Directory.
Napoleon brought political stability to a land torn by revolution and war. He made peace with the Roman Catholic Church and reversed the most radical religious policies of the Convention.
In Napoleon promulgated the Civil Codea revised body of civil law, which also helped stabilize French society. The Civil Code affirmed the political and legal equality of all adult men and established a merit-based society in which individuals advanced in education and employment because of talent rather than birth or social standing.
The Civil Code confirmed many of the moderate revolutionary policies of the National Assembly but retracted measures passed by the more radical Convention.
The code restored patriarchal authority in the family, for example, by making women and children subservient to male heads of households. Whilst working to stabilise France, Napoleon also sought to extend his authority throughout Europe.
Napoleon's armies conquered the Iberian and Italian peninsulas, occupied lands, and he forced Austria, Prussia, and Russia to ally with him and respect French hegemony in Europe.
The United Kingdom refused to recognise French hegemony and continued the war throughout. The First French Empire began to unravel inwhen he decided to invade Russia. Napoleon underestimated the difficulties his army would have to face whilst occupying Russia.
Convinced that the Tsar was conspiring with his British enemies, Napoleon led an army ofsoldiers to Moscow. He defeated the Russian army at Borodino before capturing Moscow, but the Tsar withdrew and Moscow was set ablaze, leaving Napoleon's vast army without adequate shelter or supplies.
Napoleon ordered a retreat, but the bitter Russian winter and repeated Russian attacks whittled down his army, and only a battered remnant of 30, soldiers managed to limp back to French territory. The allies then continued a united effort against Napoleon until they had seized Paris forcing his abdication in His return to power the next year was resisted by all the allies and his army was defeated by an Anglo-Allied force at Waterloo.Therefore, Napoleon's imperial rule inadvertently spread these ideas of Nationalism and Liberalism.
This had three effects, all of which combined to overthrow Napoleon. First of all, the empire's non-French subjects picked up the ideas of Nationalism and Liberalism and . This biography of Napoleon Bonaparte condenses his life and career down to the essential information. Napoleon was able to spend much of the next eight years in Corsica thanks to his ferocious letter writing and rule bending, as well as the effects of the French Revolution How Short Was Napoleon?
Oct 03, · Consequently, over the 50 years after Napoleon's defeat, revolutions took place all over Europe by the poor. In , almost the entire continent was swept into revolution, and Napoleon's nephew, Napoleon III, rose to power in ashio-midori.com: Resolved.
The Battle of Waterloo, fought on 18 June , was Napoleon Bonaparte's last battle. His defeat put a final end to his rule as Emperor of the French.
Waterloo also marked the end of the period known as the Hundred Days, which began in March after Napoleon's return from Elba, where he had been exiled after his defeats at the Battle of Leipzig in and the campaigns of in France.
The Napoleonic era begins roughly with Napoleon Bonaparte's coup d'état, overthrowing the Directory, establishing the French Consulate, and ends during the Hundred Days and his defeat at the Battle of Waterloo (9 November – 28 June ).
Oct 03, · Best Answer: Napoleon spread enlightenment ideas throughout Europe. By doing so, he creates far reaching effects. He established public education in many places, and parliamentary law. These advancements hadn't ever been seen in many of the ashio-midori.com: Resolved.