By Saul McLeodupdated Attachment is a deep and enduring emotional bond that connects one person to another across time and space Ainsworth; Bowlby Attachment does not have to be reciprocal. One person may have an attachment to an individual which is not shared. Attachment is characterized by specific behaviors in children, such as seeking proximity to the attachment figure when upset or threatened Bowlby,
Advanced Search - John Bowlby: Books Source Related research Researchers such as Ainsworth and Main, as cited in McLeodaimed to develop a more meaningful understanding of attachment theory as well as how this theory could be used within therapy.
Ainsworth stated that infant behaviour could be explained by that of their parent. This involved observing infants while their mother would leave the room twice and then return.
According to Fraley and Spieker this procedure splits up attachment into three forms.
First, the secure form of attachment is when a baby searches for comfort or protection by the mother, therefore receiving care constantly. Here the mother is mostly regarded as providing love and affection.
Second, the avoidant form of attachment is when a baby has the tendency to avoid the mother. Thus, the mother is regarded as rejecting the attachment behaviour of the infant.
Finally, resistant attachment is when an infant usually stays close to the mother showing an unbalance regarding the care provided by the mother to her child.
Main carried out research exploring adult attachment patterns by developing the Adult Attachment Interview AAI thus finding strong correlations with the attachment types of their parents.
For counselling one of the most important aspects of this research was the finding which supported the view that individuals who developed secure attachments, functioning well in their lives, had the ability to speak rationally and collaboratively about their past.
Main, as cited in McLeodp.
This was known as meta-cognitive monitoring. Therefore effective therapy takes place when an individual is capable of reflecting on their experiences Fonagy,cited in McLeod. Attachment theory has been applicable within approaches dealing with emotionally-important relationships or active attachment behaviour including parenting, family counselling, grief counselling lossabusive adult relationships and child abuse Pistole and Watkins, ; Bartholomew and Thompson, Bartholomew and Thompson argue that attachment theory cannot provide an integrative framework for the whole field of counselling but can help inform some features of counselling.
Although the ideas of attachment have not contributed to the development of a therapy, the theory has influenced psychodynamic counselling and psychotherapy in several ways. Pistole argues that attachment theory could be used to produce therapeutic change in a client as well as more productive functioning.
There has also been evidence supporting the view that the attachment type of the client as well as that of the therapist has an effect on the way in which the therapeutic process is shaped Rubino et al.
Researchers such as Johnson and GreenbergAlexander and Dutton et al. Related hubs by other hubbers.Attachment theory is focused on the relationships and bonds between people, particularly long-term relationships, including those between a parent and child and between romantic partners.
John Bowlby’s attachment theory established that an infant’s earliest relationship with their primary caregiver or mother shaped their later development and characterized their human life, “from the cradle to the grave” (Bowlby, , p.
). Edward John Mostyn Bowlby (; 26 February – 2 September ) was a British psychologist, psychiatrist, and psychoanalyst, notable for his interest in child development and for his pioneering work in attachment theory.
A Review of General Psychology survey, published in , ranked Bowlby as the 49th most cited .
Edward John Mostyn Bowlby, known as John Bowlby, was born in in London as the fourth of six children. His parents were Sir Anthony Bowlby and Lady May Bowlby. John Bowlby was from an upper class wealthy family.
|44 Thieves Study (Bowlby, 1944)||While still a student, he volunteered at a progressive school and began his training at the British Psychoanalytic Institute.|
|Attachment Theory | Simply Psychology||Attachment theory emphasizes the importance of a secure and trusting mother-infant bond on development and well-being. Originator and key contributors:|
|Teoras del desarrollo psicolgico||By Saul McLeodupdated Attachment is a deep and enduring emotional bond that connects one person to another across time and space Ainsworth; Bowlby Attachment does not have to be reciprocal.|
The psychological theory of attachment was developed by John Bowlby (and expanded upon by Mary Ainsworth—see next section), a psychoanalyst who researched the effects of separation between infants and their parents (Fraley, ). Theory in practice In today’s practice we can see Bowlby’s theory coming in to play by each child having their own key worker.
Each child having a visit to the nursery before they start. By each child having a settling in period of time.