Human resources oversees the people assets that push and pull an organization toward its goals and objectives. Senior management regards HR policies and programs as success factors because they guide worker performance, which in turn has an impact on profitability.
Meaning, Definition, Objectives and Limitations Article shared by: Meaning, Definition, Objectives and Limitations! Human resources are considered as important assets and are different from the physical assets.
In the same way, unlike physical assets human assets never gets depreciated. Therefore, the valuations of human resources along with other assets are also required in order to find out the total cost of an organization.
In s, Rensis Likert along with other social researchers made an attempt to define the concept of human resource accounting HRA. Behavioural scientists concerned with management of organizations pointed out the following reasons for HRA: Under conventional accounting, no information is made available about the human resources employed in an organization, and without people the financial and physical resources cannot be operationally effective.
The expenses related to the human organization are charged to current revenue instead of being treated as investments, to be amortized over a period of time, with the result that magnitude of net income is significantly distorted.
This makes the assessment of firm and inter-firm comparison difficult. The productivity and profitability of a firm largely depends on the contribution of human assets. Two firms having identical physical assets and operating in the same market may have different returns due to differences in human assets.
If the value of human resources is not duly reported in profit and loss account and balance sheet, the important act of management on human assets cannot be perceived.
Expenses on recruitment, training, etc. All expenses on human resources are to be treated as investments, since the benefits are accrued over a period of time.
Rensis Likert described the following objectives of HRA: Providing cost value information about acquiring, developing, allocating and maintaining human resources. Enabling management to monitor the use of human resources. Finding depreciation or appreciation among human resources.
Assisting in developing effective management practices. Increasing managerial awareness of the value of human resources. For better human resource planning.
For better decisions about people, based on improved information system. Assisting in effective utilization of manpower. Methods of Valuation of Human Resources: There are certain methods advocated for valuation of human resources. All methods have certain benefits as well as limitations.
There are certain benefits for accounting of human resources, which are explained as follows: The system of HRA discloses the value of human resources, which helps in proper interpretation of return on capital employed. Managerial decision-making can be improved with the help of HRA.
It helps in efficient utilization of human resources and understanding the evil effects of labour unrest on the quality of human resources. It can assist the management for implementing best methods of wages and salary administration.
HRA is yet to gain momentum in India due to certain difficulties: The valuation methods have certain disadvantages as well as advantages; therefore, there is always a bone of contention among the firms that which method is an ideal one.
There are no standardized procedures developed so far. So, firms are providing only as additional information.Role and Significance of Human Resource Accounting in the Era of Economic Recession: By Anita Mishra Faculty Monalika Rath Two types of costs are of special importance in HRA: original cost & replacement cost.
But if the real ability of human resource accounting is to be derived, the whole concept of preparing financial statement have. In short, human resource accounting is the art of valuing, recording and presenting systematically the worth of human resources in the books of account of an organization.
This definition brings out the following important characteristic features of human resource accounting: 1. . d. To provide qualitative information on human resources.
(HR) e. To measure the costs incurred on human resources by firms. f. To evaluate the return on investment on human capital. g. To communicate the organisation and the public at large about the worth of human resources of an organisation. h.
Human Resource Accounting is the process of assigning, budgeting, and reporting the cost of human resources incurred in an organization, including wages and salaries and training expenses.
Accounting, Resources, Capital, Objectives, Limitations, 1. Introduction. Human.
Resource. Accounting is the process of reporting the investment made in the human capital of an organization. The main purpose of this is to account for the human resources of the organization as they are unaccounted for in the financial statements.
But if the real ability of human resource accounting is to be derived, the whole concept of preparing financial statement have to be prepared with a view which is based on human beings instead of the present view based on capital.