A hippie-painted Volkswagen Beetle A July Time magazine study on hippie philosophy credited the foundation of the hippie movement with historical precedent as far back as the Sadhu of India, the spiritual seekers who had renounced the world by taking " Sannyas ".
See Article History Alternative Titles: The movement originated on college campuses in the United Statesalthough it spread to other countries, including Canada and Britain.
The s were a period of tension and turbulence for much of the U.S. The counterculture attempted to promote an alternative lifestyle that encouraged peace, love and freedom. Fukuoka | Japan Fukuoka | Japan. Nonetheless, hippies continued to have an influence on the wider culture, seen, for example, in more relaxed attitudes toward sex, in the new concern for the environment, and .
Although the movement arose in part as opposition to U. Hippies felt alienated from middle-class society, which they saw as dominated by materialism and repression, and they developed their own distinctive lifestyle. Many males grew beards, and both men and women wore sandals and beads.
Long flowing granny dresses were popular with women, and rimless granny glasses with both men and women. Hippies commonly took up communal or cooperative living arrangements, and they often adopted vegetarian diets based on unprocessed foods and practiced holistic medicine.
For many The Whole Earth Catalogwhich first appeared inbecame a source for the necessities of life. Hippies tended to be dropouts from society, forgoing regular jobs and careers, although some developed small businesses that catered to other hippies.
Hippies often practiced open sexual relationships and lived in various types of family groups. They commonly sought spiritual guidance from sources outside the Judeo-Christian tradition, particularly Buddhism and other Eastern religionsand sometimes in various combinations.
Astrology was popular, and the period was often referred to as the Age of Aquarius. Hippies promoted the recreational use of hallucinogenic drugsparticularly marijuana and LSD lysergic acid diethylamidein so-called head trips, justifying the practice as a way of expanding consciousness.
Both folk and rock music were an integral part of hippie culture. The musical Hair, a celebration of the hippie lifestyle, opened on Broadway inand the film Easy Riderwhich reflected hippie values and aestheticsappeared in The novelist Ken Kesey was one of the best-known literary spokesmen for the movement, but he became equally famous for the bus tours he made with a group called the Merry Pranksters.
A three-day music festival known as Woodstockheld in rural New York state indrew an estimated ,—, people and became virtually synonymous with the movement. Hippies participated in a number of teach-ins at colleges and universities in which opposition to the Vietnam War was explained, and they took part in antiwar protests and marches.
They were involved in the development of the environmental movement. The first Earth Day was held in Nonetheless, hippies continued to have an influence on the wider culture, seen, for example, in more relaxed attitudes toward sex, in the new concern for the environmentand in a widespread lessening of formality.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:In , The Sekhmet Hypothesis attempted to link both hippie and rave culture together in relation to transactional analysis, suggesting that rave culture was a social archetype based on the mood of friendly strength, compared to the gentle hippie archetype, based on friendly weakness.
Hippies were a major part of a counter-culture lifestyle in America The Hippie culture mainly consisted of white teenagers and young adults between the ages of The Hippies opposed Established Institutions, Middle Class Values, and were against the Vietnam .
The hippie cultural movement was an influential cultural movement that originated in the early s and became a major international collective as it grew in popularity and size. Here is an overview of my predictions, some of which were made as far back as — Jeanne Mayell: As democracy is being eroded and climate change is escalating, an age of enlightenment is rising beneath the headlines.
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The s were a period of tension and turbulence for much of the U.S. The counterculture attempted to promote an alternative lifestyle that encouraged peace, love and freedom.