His real name was Aristocles. He was reportedly called Plato, which means broad, by his wrestling coach, due to his broad shoulders or possibly his wrestling style. He was about 19 when he met Socrates and become his devoted student. In a journey that would last a dozen years, he visited Italy, Sicily, Cyrene a Greek colony in present-day Syriaand Egypt, seeking out philosophers and priests, studying mathematics, philosophy, astronomy, and religion and composing his early dialogues.
Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Socrates is painfully aware that he is a hated figure and that this is what has led to the accusations against him. He has little money and no political savvy or influence, and he has paid little attention to his family and household—all in order to serve the public that now reviles him.
The impression created by Aristophanes Socrates goes to some length to answer this question. Much of his defense consists not merely in refuting the charges but in offering a complex explanation of why such false accusations should have been brought against him in the first place. Part of the explanation, he believes, is that he has long been misunderstood by the general public.
The public, he says, has focused its distrust of certain types of people upon him. In the end, Pheidippides learns all too well how to use argumentative skills to his advantage; indeed, he prides himself on his ability to prove that it is right for a son to beat his parents.
In the end, Strepsiades denounces Socrates and burns down the building that houses his school. This play, Socrates says, has created the general impression that he studies celestial and geographic phenomena and, like the Sophist s who travel from city to city, takes a fee for teaching the young various skills.
Not so, says Socrates. He thinks it would be a fine thing to possess the kinds of knowledge these Sophists claim to teach, but he has never discussed these matters with anyone—as his judges should be able to confirm for themselves, because, he says, many of them have heard his conversations.
Why should Aristophanes have written in this way about Socrates? The latter must have been a well-known figure inwhen Clouds was produced, for Aristophanes typically wrote about and mocked figures who already were familiar to his audience. Furthermore, if, as Socrates claims, many of his jurors had heard him in discussion and could therefore confirm for themselves that he did not study or teach others about clouds, air, and other such matters and did not take a fee as the Sophists did, then why did they not vote to acquit him of the charges by an overwhelming majority?
Socrates provides answers to these questions. Long before Aristophanes wrote about him, he had acquired a reputation among his fellow citizens because he spent his days attempting to fulfill his divine mission to cross-examine them and to puncture their confident belief that they possessed knowledge of the most important matters.
Socrates tells the jurors that, as a result of his inquiries, he has learned a bitter lesson about his fellow citizens: The only people who delight in his conversation are the young and wealthy, who have the leisure to spend their days with him.
These people imitate him by carrying out their own cross-examinations of their elders. His reputation as a corrupter of the young and as a Sophist and an atheist is sustained because it provides people with an ostensibly reasonable explanation of their hatred of him.
These ways of hiding the source of their hatred are all the more potent because they contain at least a grain of truth. Socrates, as both Plato and Xenophon confirm, is a man who loves to argue: And his conception of piety, as revealed by his devotion to the Delphic oracleis highly unorthodox: Socrates believes that this hatred, whose real source is so painful for people to acknowledge, played a crucial role in leading Meletus, Anytus, and Lycon to come forward in court against him; it also makes it so difficult for many members of the jury to acknowledge that he has the highest motives and has done his city a great service.
This is a theme to which Socrates returns several times. He compares himself, at one point, to a gadfly who has been assigned by the god to stir a large and sluggish horse. Note what this implies: An Analysis of Plato’s Crito dialogue by Kimara Wright March 22, Philosophy Ms.
Joan Beno Rm. Introduction Regarded as the wisest man in Athens, Greece, Socrates (born around b.c.) was just that.
Wearing shabby clothing and always walking around barefoot, Socrates spent his days discussing everything you can imagine. Here Socrates effectively redefines the conventional concept of happiness: it is defined in terms of internal benefits and characteristics rather than external ones.
The second argument concerns an analysis of pleasure. Socrates wants to show that living a virtuous life brings greater pleasure than living an unvirtuous life.
Since Socrates does not need successfully to persuade Crito in order to stay in jail, we need to seek an explanation for Socrates’ conversation. The third section relates Socrates’ diagnosis of his friend and why Socrates must change the way he talks from question-and-answer examination of views to something else.
The Crito records the conversation that took place in the prison where Socrates was confined awaiting his execution. It is in the form of a dialog between Socrates and Crito, an elderly Athenian who for many years has been a devoted friend of Socrates and a firm believer in his ethical teachings.
Artwork description & Analysis: Another narrative of stoic self-sacrifice and dignity, David presented the suicide of Socrates as an admirable and noble act. Set in the bare scene of his prison cell, the muscular body of the aged philosopher is meant to convey his moral and intellectual ashio-midori.comality: French.
Xenophon was a practical man whose ability to recognize philosophical issues is almost imperceptible, so it is plausible that his Socrates appears as such a practical and helpful advisor because that is the side of Socrates Xenophon witnessed.