It looks at ways of removing barriers that restrict life choices for disabled people. When barriers are removed, disabled people can be independent and equal in society, with choice and control over their own lives. Disabled people developed the social model of disability because the traditional medical model did not explain their personal experience of disability or help to develop more inclusive ways of living. Changing attitudes to disabled people Barriers are not just physical.
It is not seen as an issue to concern anyone other than the individual affected. For example, if a wheelchair using student is unable to get into a building because of some steps, the medical model would suggest that this is because of the wheelchair, rather than the steps.
The social model of disability, in contrast, would see the steps as the disabling barrier.
This model draws on the idea that it is society that disables people, through designing everything to meet the needs of the majority of people who are not disabled. There is a recognition within the social model that there is a great deal that society can do to reduce, and ultimately remove, some of these disabling barriers, and that this task is the responsibility of society, rather than the disabled person.
Some examples of a medical model approach might be: The student cannot therefore participate in the class discussion; a member of staff who refuses to make available a copy of a PowerPoint presentation before a lecture.
The social model is more inclusive in approach. Pro-active thought is given to how disabled people can participate in activities on an equal footing with non-disabled people.
Certain adjustments are made, even where this involves time or money, to ensure that disabled people are not excluded. The onus is on the organiser of the event or activity to make sure that their activity is accessible.
This allows dyslexic students to look up unfamiliar terminology before the lecture, and gives them an idea of the structure that will be followed. Many people are willing to adopt the social model and to make adjustments for students who have a visible disability.
However, they are not as accommodating with students who have a hidden disability, or a disability that is not clearly understood. An important principle of the social model is that the individual is the expert on their requirements in a particular situation, and that this should be respected, regardless of whether the disability is obvious or not.Open Document.
Below is an essay on "Explain the Social and Medical Models of Disability and the Impact of Each on Practice" from Anti Essays, your source for /5(1). The social and medical model of disability There are a number of ‘models’ of disability which have been defined over the last few years. The two most frequently mentioned are the ‘social’ and the ‘medical’ models of disability.
The social model of health differences when compared to the medical model of health are as follows: : The social model of health is focus more on the environment, social, and environmental determinants of health, not just biomedical determinants.
While, the medical model is centred on individual as a patient. report of medical examination 1. date of examination (yyyymmdd) 3. last name - first name - middle name (suffix) 2. social security number 6.
grade. Below is an essay on " Critically Analyse the Difference Between the Social Model and Medical Model of Disability and How Each Model Affects the Provision." from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples/5(1). Assignment 1 Lesley Sharp Assignment 1 Question Compare and contrast medical and social models of disability Answer Models of disability provide a framework for understanding the way in which people with impairments experience disability.